Information about Croatia’s geographical position
The Republic of Croatia, whose land surface area amounts to 56.542 km2,
is situated along the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea and its hinterland.
In addition, it is appertained by 31.067 km2
of the territorial sea. The length of the Croatian coast, including islands,
is 5.835 km. Along the Coast there are 1.185 islands, cliffs and reefs. Largest
Croatian islands are: Krk, Cres, Brač, Hvar, Pag, Korčula, Dugi otok, Mljet,
Vis, Rab i Loąinj.
Zagreb, the capital of the Republic of Croatia is a commercial, cultural, university and trade centre of the country.
Population and Religion
According to data of the Census of Population, Households and Dwellings, 31 March 2001, the Republic of Croatia has 4.437.460 inhabitants. The majority of the population is Croats, and national minorities include Serbs, Moslems, Slovenes, Italians, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, and others. The majority of the population is Roman Catholics. Beside them, other religions include Orthodox Church members, Muslims, Protestants and others. The official language is Croatian, and the script is Latin.
In the north of Croatia the continental climate prevails, along the Adriatic
coast the mediterranean and the mountain climate prevails in mountain areas.
With average 2 600 sunny hours during a year, Adriatic coast is one of the sunniest
in Mediterranean, and during the summer sea temperature varies between 25°C
Winter temperatures in Croatia range from -1 to 5°C in the continental region, -5 to 0°C in the mountain region and 5 to 10°C in the coastal region. Summer temperatures range from 22 to 26°C in the continental region, 15 to 20°C in the mountain region and 26 to 30°C in the coastal region.
Croatia is rich in natural resources, navigable rivers loaded with fish, plants and various rare animal species, oak forests and thermal springs. It is a country of an extraordinary beauty, Slavonian cornfields, wooded Gorski kotar, and picturesque hills of Hrvatsko zagorje, which makes it very attractive to tourists.